Diamond Anatomy

Even though every diamond is unique, they all follow certain structural characteristics that determine its brilliance, dispersion, proportions and scintillation. Understanding the anatomy of a diamond will help you in making a better decision while choosing the right diamond for you. A diamond comprises of eight main components with every part named specifically. They are Diameter, Table, Crown, Table Spread, Girdle, Pavilion, Depth, and Culet.

  • Diameter: The diameter refers to the width of a polished diamond and is measured from edge to edge. 
  • Table: The table refers to the largest polished facets located on the top of the diamond.
  • Crown: The top part of the diamond extending from the Table to the Girdle is known as the Crown. The Crown consists of Bezel facets (Crown mains), star facets, upper Girdle facets (upper halves), and a Table facet.
  • Girdle: The Girdle refers to the very edge (widest edge) of the diamond where the Crown and Pavilion meet.
  • Pavilion: Pavilion refers to the bottom part of the diamond that extends from the Girdle to the Culet.
  • Depth: Depth refers to the total height of the diamond which extends from the Table to the Culet.
  • Culet: Culet refers to the small or pointed bottom part of the diamond.

Make sure you understand the basic anatomy of a diamond before purchasing one. Learning deeper about the diamond will help you better understand and appreciate the intricacies of a diamond. It will also help you to communicate better with the experts and choose a diamond of your liking.